Wetland Trees for Natural Habitats
It may seem pretty amazing that wetlands can become lush, dense forests in a matter of a decade. Some native plants and shrubs originated in wetlands and created their own natural habitat in which to flourish. Wetlands are alive with many varieties of trees and shrubs. New species are discovered to be naturally cross bred when seedlings grow together in a single mound of moist soil. The soil’s moisture provides fertility in these natural habitats. Wetlands soil is loaded with naturally occurring nutrients. Today, a tree or shrub can be purchased at a garden nursery to create a wonderfully colorful landscape.
The wonders of these native plants are the numerous species. There are 35 known species of this brilliantly colored, flowering shrub. It serves well as a small tree. This plant is known for its dense grape-like clusters in deep scarlet. Other species may produce white or pink clusters. When these clusters begin to dry on the stems, they are used as a spice in Middle Eastern recipes for the lemon tang it adds to a variety of dishes. Sumac grows to about 32 feet in height, depending on the species.
This delightful tree is seen most often along river banks and near streams. Its seeds germinate quickly and from these seedlings, this tree can grow to a height of ten to 25 feet. Box elder is recognized easily by the striations in its bark. These are deep, gnarly and give the trunk a classic appeal. In summer, the leaves are a deep emerald. By autumn, the foliage turns pale yellow with tinges of green.
This famous tree has a number of species to the delight of gardeners. In the northeast, sugar maples are responsible for the riot of red and orange foliage that marks this autumn season. It grows up to 30 feet in height. Many prefer the deep purple of the majestic King Crimson Maple with its perfect spherical shape and slim silver gray trunk. Red maple trees are among the most common and like the King Crimson maple grows to about 30 feet in height. Such is the fame of the maple tree that it decorates Canada’s national flag.
The mighty oak trees are common to North America. They may be red, white or a “Five Point” oak that produces acorns. The oldest oak in the US is located near Charleston, South Carolina. The Texas Live Oak supports Spanish moss and remains ever green.