Hazelnut grow to a mature size of up to 18 feet tall
American Hazelnut - Corylus americana
The American hazelnut is a fabulous tree to add to your landscaping. This medium-sized multi-stemmed shrub has dense, attractive green foliage throughout the summer and produces a bounty of delicious, easy-to-harvest nuts in the autumn months. It is a valuable plant to native wildlife and easy-care addition to landscapes. The crisp green leaves that fill the plant in spring and summer warm-up to a pretty yellow in fall, sometimes with bronze or orange hues making an appearance. Each plant will produce small purple flowers and more noticeable light-colored, hanging catkins that give the shrub a distinctive look during blooming. Growing one to two feet annually to a mature size of up to 18 feet tall with a spread of 10 to 12 feet, this plant performs well as a screen or border and fills in medium-height areas of your landscaping backdrop.
Hazelnut thrives in most soil types
The American hazelnut thrives in most soil types and is not sensitive to soil pH. It prefers moist but well-draining soil and at least 4 to 6 hours of direct sunlight throughout the day. The plant does not require pruning to maintain a bushy and vital shape. However, you can clip the suckers it sends up exuberantly in particularly wet environments to limit spreading if desired.
Perhaps the most desirable feature of this plant is the tasty nuts it bears in the fall. Unlike many nut trees, this compact and accessible shrub begins to produce just two to three years after planting a sapling. It’s a prolific bearer, and ripe nuts come quickly away from their husks, making them simple to identify and hassle-free to harvest. To ensure pollination, plant at least two or three together, as single plants are not self-fertile. If you don’t care to eat hazelnuts yourself, many birds and small mammals will be happy visiting your garden to take them off your hands.
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