- - Botanical Name - Bracken Fern - Pteridium aquilinum Hardy Planting Zones - 3-10 Sun or Shade – Sun and Partial Shade Mature Height - 2-4' Mature Width - 18-24" Bloom Season – Spring Gardener Status - Beginner
PTERIDIUM AQUILINUM - BRACKEN FERN
Bracken fern, also called Eagle fern by the common names.
It is the plant that is native to most of the world's temperate climates and also the subtropical ones. It is found in USDA Climate zones three to eleven and grows best in damp conditions in partial to full shade. This plant can also do well in dry conditions and will have a mature size of two feet to six feet in width and the same maturity in height. It is common but cannot tolerate cold weather. It can be invasive and grows well in broken, disturbed soils making dense colonies. Bracken Ferns are highly desirable for a wide variety of reasons. Firstly, they are quite ubiquitous, being found on almost every continent. They are also both hardy and adaptable, being able to grow in nearly any type of habitat. Although their primary habitat is moorland, they can take to most any place or climate. It is thought to have the widest distribution range of any fern worldwide. In addition, the uses of the bracken fern are many. It has commonly been consumed as a foodstuff for centuries. While most horticultural experts advise moderation in this area due to certain carcinogenic properties, it is water and heat soluble and can thus easily be transformed into an inert food item. In related uses, bracken fern can be used in the brewing of beer or even the baking of bread, meaning it has the capacity to serve as a staple item of many communities. It is often used in select areas of Europe today as animal bedding, and once it is no longer needed in this way, the same fern can be broken down and further used as fertilizer for fields. Some studies even indicate that the use of bracken fern as a mulch can help to slow or prevent the loss of both nitrogen and potassium in the soil and lower the pH level of said soil. A scattered, minimal amount of bracken spread over a given area provides beneficial cover and support for various animal habitats as well. Climate Zone: 3 to 11 Mature Height: 2 to 6 feet Mature Width: 2 to 6 feet Sunlight: Partial to Full Shade
Bracken Fern Ships As: Bareroot Plant