Some Of The Top Unique Plants & Trees of 2018

Some Of The Top Unique Plants & Trees of 2018

Posted by Tammy Sons on Jul 2nd 2018

Saw Tooth Oak Tree

Quercus Acutissima

The Sawtooth Oak tree is a member of the Beech family. It makes an excellent shade tree for the backyard for your family and friends in warmer weather. In the forest, it provides food and shade for wildlife that lives there. This tree is from eastern Asia and was introduced to the United States during the 1920's. The tree is also known to have grown in China, Korea, and Japan.

The leaves of the Sawtooth Oak are four to eight inches long. They are shiny green in the summer and turn brown in the fall. They often stay on the tree most of the winter. The tree produces 1-inch acorns with caps as the fruit of the tree. The acorn takes 18 months to mature. The acorns are often eaten by birds. This medium sized tree grows quickly. The bark is dark gray with furrows. It is often planted in North America and Europe.

This tree makes an excellent shade tree for homes, apartment building, condos or offices building. The perfect tree to put in a picnic or barbecue area.

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Zones: 5-9

Mature Height:40'-60' high

Shape: Pyramid

Growth: Medium to Fast

Sunlight: Full Sun

Soil: It grows in acidic, loamy, moist, and varied soils.

Botanical name: Quercus Acutissima

Service Berry Tree

The Service-Berry Tree, also known as the Juneberry or Shadbush, is a beautiful tree that offers something different for every season. The tree has about 45 different species and is found in North America, the Netherlands, and the Eastern part of Canada. The smaller varieties like the Regent Service Berry is small, growing about 6-8 feet in height and 3 feet wide. The larger varieties like the Cumulus Allegheny and the Apple Service-Berry grow to 25 feet in height, and 10 feet wide. The Service-Berry Tree leaves are shiny, green, and 6 inches in length. The blooms grow in a wide range of colors including orange, pink, white, yellow and red. The leaves on the Service-Berry Tree start off white in early Spring but change to different colors depending on the species. The fruit on the trees are small and resemble blueberries. The berries are quite delicious and can be harvested for jams, jellies, and pies. The Service-Berry Trees grow well in full sunlight and are suitable for providing partial shade. The trees need plenty of water, but the soil should be drained to prevent root rot. The Service-Berry makes the perfect ornamental tree for a small yard. This is a homeowner favorite because of its beautiful qualities.

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Zone: 2-9 depending on the species

Mature Height: Ornamental shrubs: 3-5 feet; Larger shrubs: 20-25 feet

Growth: Fast growing

Sunlight: Full sunlight

Soil: Wet but thoroughly drained

Black Cherry Tree

The main attraction for this tree is the fruit. This tree is best left growing in large, open and sunny locations because of its size. Black cherry trees can grow to an unbelievable height of up to 100 feet. It provides a beautiful floral arrangement in May and then promises blackberries in August. Cherry trees are no doubt one of the favorite types of fruit trees that gardeners cherish. Just make sure that harvesting the berries are taken before the songbirds, squirrels, and deer eat them. Making sure that there is enough room in the yard for the tree to grow needs to be taken into account. These trees are very tolerant to climate and can live up to 150 to 200 years.

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Black Cherry Tree is an excellent smelling tree that has medicinal qualities attached to it. The bark of the tree is dark in color and separates naturally and quickly. This type tree is native to North America but has been promoted to the European continent because of its popularity. The core of this type tree has been used for medicinal qualities that have directed towards the digestive system such as diarrhea, coughs and for loss of appetite.

Zones: 3-9

Mature Height: 70 to 100 feet tall

Width: 2-3 feet

Shape: Small flower like pendulums

Growth: Fast growing

Sunlight: Full exposure for best results

Soil: Moist

Botanical name: Prunus Serotina

Mountain Laurel

Mountain laurel is the big cousin of azaleas and rhododendrons. The evergreen shrub grows in a large, naturally rounded mound and produces lightly fragrant blooms in late spring. Mountain laurels are native the eastern part of the United States and are often found growing near creeks in the mountains of Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee. This showy shrub is covered with blooms of white, red or pink in late spring, and glossy green leaves year-round. Mountain laurel is easy to plant and grow, but it does prefer moist soil and a reprieve from the blazing summer sun. When planted near a natural water source or human-made pond, under the canopy of taller trees or other structure, mountain laurel will thrive in any landscape. Amend the soil with compost when planting this plant, and after the shrub has become established mulch with a layer of pine straw to increase the acidity level of the ground.

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Birds find the blooms of mountain laurel irresistible, but deer find the shrub distasteful and will leave it alone. Pruning is not needed but can be done in late fall to give the bush a desired shape.

Zone: 5-9

Mature Width: 12 ft.

Growth/Year: 12 ft.

Sunlight: Full to partial sun

Soil Conditions: Moist, acidic soil that drains well

Botanical Name: Kalmia latifolia

American Boxwood

The American Boxwood is one of the lowest maintenance shrubs that can thrive in almost any climate. It holds a beautiful, evergreen color all year round. The American Boxwood is natural to grow and make perfect borders around a garden or used as borders around the yard.

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They can be cut to meet the needs of the consumer. If you want short, go short, if you wish to tall, then let them grow tall. They can also be easily rounded or squared depending on personal preference. Boxwoods can always be container grown and used as outdoor accents at the front door or even sculpted as topiary on the back porch.

The American Boxwood is basically problem free. It can take the extreme heat and frigid cold temperature changes, it doesn't become disease ridden as many other shrubs do, and the animals don't bother it. Perfect for the beautification of your yard without the hours and hassle of maintaining it. Spruce up that outside space with American Boxwood.

Full grown: 10-12 feet

Full width: 8-10 feet

It takes 1 to 2 years to become full grown.

It can thrive in both full and partial sunlight.

The Boxwood can thrive in about any soil. Drought resistant

Green Mountain Boxwood

This naturally pyramidal-shaped Green Mountain boxwood is quite simple to grow and makes a splendid hedge plant or ornamental. Because of its thick jade-green foliage, it is easy to trim into various shapes such as a sphere or square and maintain the form by using a hedge-trimmer once each summer. Without pruning, this cone-shaped bush reaches up to five feet tall by three feet in width.

In the United States, this robust boxwood will flourish in zones four through nine, thanks to being a crossover of English boxwood and Asian boxwood. This gives it the drought tolerance as well as a resistance to frost, all the while keeping its healthy luxuriant appearance.

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Happy in either sun or partial shade, Green Mountain boxwood only asks for plenty of water, especially in hotter environments. Additionally, if you keep this boxwood in a pot as topiary, which is fun because you can trim it in so many artful shapes, it will need even more water to keep the soil moist. It does not like standing rain or direct dry winds, however.

General-purpose fertilizer can be given during spring before new growth begins, and a yearly treatment of anti-desiccant spray is a useful idea. Although not fussy, this special boxwood thrives in rich garden loams and heavy soil.

Hardiness Zone: 4-9

Height: Up to 5 feet

Width: 3 feet

Color: Dark green leaves

Growth Rate: Fast when young, and then slow

Light Requirements: Partial shade to full sun

Soil Preference: Tolerates almost any soil

Fruiting Peach Tree

The Belle of Ga, scientifically referred to as Prunus persica, is a variety of peach tree found in the Northern and Southern regions of the United States. The tree was cultivated from a seedling from the Chinese cling peach and named after Belle Hall of Ft. Valley, FL shortly after the Civil War.

During the summer, the tree yields large rosy pink peaches that are commonly used in baking and canning due to the fruit's sweet flavor. The tree is a heavy fruit bearer with peaches that are frost and heat tolerant. The tree usually begins bearing fruit at 3 or 4 years of age; peak fruit yield starts at 8 to 12 years of age. The fruit reaches maturity in 10 weeks. In addition to being prized for its grain, the Belle of Ga is also considered ornamental due to its bright red flowers that bloom in the spring. It is commonly used in landscaping.

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The Belle of Ga is a fast-growing tree that is upright and broad with a round shape. This variety of peach tree prefers well-drained soil and is tolerant of drought. The trees are also highly resistant to bacterial spot, which is a severe disease of fruit trees that results in defoliation and severely decreased fruit yield as well as poor quality of fruit. The peach tree is also a self-pollinator, meaning it does not require other trees nearby to pollinate. Regular fertilizing and pruning are recommended.

Hardiness Zones: 5-8

Height: 15-25 feet

Spread: 8-20 feet

Soil: Tolerant of various

Light: Full sun

Fruiting Fig Trees

This tree is one that produces fruit. It is a plant in the Ficus genus. It grows to a height of around 22 to 33 feet tall and has smooth grey bark that produces a pleasant smell. Its green leaves are four and a half inches to nine inches long, and four to seven inches across. It has three to five lobes per leaf. The fig fruit is one to two inches in length and has a green skin that ripens to brown or purple. The sap of the fig tree is usually an irritant to human skin. The tree grows in dry areas with plenty of suns. It requires deep soil that is well drained. It can even tolerate drought conditions for a time.

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For the fruiting fig tree to bear fruitage, it must be pollinated by the fig wasp. The fertilized female wasp enters the silicon of the fruit and lays her eggs. After the eggs have hatched and the wasps leave, it is then that fruits become pollinated.

Fruiting fig trees provided shade on a hot day and considered a very hardy tree. They will grow in zones eight through ten very quickly. A few varieties will grow in colder climates, such as “Brown Turkey,” “Celeste” or “Chicago.” In colder temperature areas, it is best to have the plants in containers instead of the ground. Pruning the sucker shoots can be done with a shovel. The fig tree makes a lovely addition to the garden or yard.

Willow Oak

The willow oak tree can grow in zones from 5-9 throughout the majority of the United States except in parts of the upper northern region close to Canada, such as North Dakota and Minnesota and makes an excellent ornamental tree or shade tree. The best time to plant the tree is in the early spring. If using an acorn to start a tree, the acorns must be kept cold and damp during the winter months.

The tree is also used to make panels for homes, pulpits, and pews for churches, bar tops, and stairs for homes and businesses. Many small animals such as squirrels, deer, and birds are happy to see this tree since it produces many acorns for them to eat. The leaves of the tree turn different colors depending on which season it is. During the summer the leaves are light and dark green, and during the autumn the leaves are yellow or a russet red.

The willow oak tree can grow from a low height of forty feet to as high as sixty feet. Once the willow oak tree has reached its full growth, the width of the tree can be from thirty to forty feet around. The tree grows much better if it is placed where the sun can shine on it fully. The tree grows well in a plethora of soils from the acid soil, dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil, wet soil and clay soil. The tree likes acid soil and full sun the best but does well in other types of soil and weather conditions.

Baccata Huckleberry- Gaylussacia baccata

Zone: 3-7 Mature Height: 2-3 ft Mature Width: 3-4ft Growth/Year: 0.5-1 ft Sunlight: Partial Sun to Full Sun Soil Conditions: Acidic

Baccata Huckleberry is a native species throughout much of the Eastern United States. It grows 2-3 feet tall with a somewhat more full spread. A relative of the blueberry, Baccata Huckleberry provides year-round interest. Throughout the growing season, this multi-stemmed shrub is covered with glossy, oblong leaves. In the late spring, delicate, red, urn-shaped flowers bloom in clusters along the stems. The flowers give way to handfuls of small, black, edible berries in the late summer. The berries are just as sweet and delicious as blueberries. Fall leaf coloring ranges from orange to red in a spectacular display. The stems add winter interest to any garden.

An open growth habit lends itself to natural landscape settings. It does mainly well as an understory plant beneath taller trees. Wild birds are attracted to huckleberry bushes because of the cover the plants provide, as well as the abundant berries in late summer.

Because huckleberries thrive in acidic soil, it is often advisable to check the ground before planting. Peat moss is an excellent amendment to help create more acidic conditions. This will help ensure the huckleberry bushes stay their healthiest and look their best.

Year-round interest is provided by red flowers in the spring, glossy leaves, spectacular fall foliage color and striking winter stems.

Edible berries are a bonus if you can get to them before the birds.