- Latin Name- Aronia Melanocarpa Hardy Planting Zone- 3-8 Mature Height- 3-6 ft Width- 6-10 ft Sun or Shade- Partial Shade OR Full Sun
Black Chokeberry - Aronia melanocarpa
Black Chokeberry can be eaten straight from the bush and have a very tart taste to them. Many people pucker when eating the chokeberries which is why they got their name. Chokeberries are commonly used in wine, juice, syrup, jam, beer, tea, salsa, chili, gummies and ice cream. The chokeberry shrub is small to medium in size. It typically grows two to three feet in height and three to four feet in width. It blooms in the spring, the flowers are small white clusters and when they mature they turn into the black berries. The flower clusters are two to two and a half inches in width. The dark green foliage of the black chokeberry plant turns a reddish-purple shade in the fall. Leaves alternate and grow from one to three inches in length. Berries grow to 1/3 to 1/2 of an inch in size and can last into the early winter months. The bark of the chokeberry has obvious lenticels and is a dark brown and very smooth. Chokeberry plants have a slow growing nature and do not reach maturity until they are five years old.
Chokeberry plant is a member of the rose family. They grow best in partial shade (up to fifty percent sunlight). Chokeberry are hardy to zones 3 to 8 and can tolerate full sun. While Chokeberry prefers acidic, moist to swampy soil, it can acclimate itself to tolerate sandy and dry soil. The chokeberry plant is easy to maintain, it requires pruning in the spring after blooming and in landscaping it is recommended to mulch around the bush.